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Chapter Summary

The version of the Bible used by the Gloss is the Vulgate, Jerome's Latin translation of Hebrew and Greek texts. The Gloss is made up almost exclusively of extracts, paraphrases and reworkings from patristic and Carolingian material, with the addition of occasional "authorial" notes and explanations. The Gloss on Psalms is an interesting case. It uses the two great sources on the Psalms, Augustine's Enarrationes and Cassiodorus' Expositio. The frequency of attributions in each biblical book is relatively stable across the manuscripts. Histories of exegesis generally say that the Gloss text stabilised in the 1130s, and from about 1140-1220 a series of virtually identical manuscripts of its books were mass-produced. The layout of the interlinear Gloss, with its Christological readings, turns the Old Testament into the New.

Keywords: biblical book; interlinear Gloss; manuscript

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