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Enchantment, Identity, Community, And Conversion: Catholics, Afro-Brazilians And Protestants In Brazil

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Chapter Summary

This chapter is intended to belong to the fields of the sociology and anthropology of religion. This chapter deals with conversion as it occurs in Brazil, where it basically consists in the abandonment of allegiance to the Roman Catholic Church in favor of one of the three following religious tendencies, historical Protestantism, Afro-Brazilian cults and Pentecostalism. Protestantism was viewed by many of its adepts, and also by many who held no religious allegiance to it, as the foundational religion of the United States and hence as the source of its progress. Candomblé is the continuation of traditional, icononophilic Catholicism with the addition of a few specific ingredients of its own. It arose in port cities of late colonial Brazil, where Africans, originally imported as slaves, could establish their own associations largely, at first, in the guise of brotherhoods, supported and recognized by the Catholic Church.

Keywords: Afro-Brazilian cults; brazil; Candomblé; conversion; historical Protestantism; Pentecostalism; religion; Roman Catholic Church



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