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6. Marine Conservation

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Chapter Summary

Modern methods of marine conservation attempt to minimize the impact of intensive fishing in a number of ways, in particular by limiting the number of fishers, restricting access to fishing grounds, and controlling type of gear and frequency of fishing. This chapter explores these features before choosing a 'key' indicator for each attribute, subsequently used to test relations with income diversification. It provides an assessment of the pressures that fishers exerted on the marine environment and how these were related to the existing livelihoods of fisher households. The majority of fishers used nets with approved mesh sizes and lines (including long lines). Traditional gear have become less popular with time and were used by only 10% of fishers. Frequency of fishing differed greatly and included differences in duration of the fishing season and the number of weekly trips.

Keywords: fisher households; intensive fishing; marine conservation



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