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Chapter Summary

The concept that individual criminal responsibility in international law requires the perpetrator to make reparations to the victims of his or her crime has not been tried in practice and in fact faces multiple challenges. This introductory chapter indicates how the book examines this concept, as embodied in the International Criminal Court (ICC) reparation system. In view of the novelty of reparations to victims in international criminal law, first the historical and legal background of the concept is examined. It analyzes the reparations mechanism as provided in the ICC's constituting legal instruments. The ICC's Trust Fund for Victims ("Trust Fund") has been termed a "very promising reparations mechanism" , which has "the potential to be one of the most significant international human rights organs in the world". Finally, the potential of the ICC reparations mechanism to repair the harm of victims of crimes under its jurisdiction is critically assessed.

Keywords: ICC reparation system; ICC's legal framework; International Criminal Court (ICC); international human rights; international law; victims of crimes



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