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Case Studies

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Chapter Summary

Somalia and Afghanistan are chosen as case studies to explore the absence of effective government for several reasons. One of the most important is that each country is sui generis, showing different features of the phenomenon. This chapter briefly describes the history of Somalia from its position as a rich trade centre in the 10th century to its impoverished status in the 21st, in order to understand the roots of the absence of effective government. It then focuses on the international community's response to the phenomenon in Somalia. Afghanistan is another instructive example of the breakdown of effective government. Although both Somalia and Afghanistan experienced the breakdown of effective government at the same time, the reactions of the international community were completely different.

Keywords: Afghanistan; effective government; international community; Somalia; trade centre



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