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4. Josephus On The Origin Of The Samaritans

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Chapter Summary

Egger defines the Samaritans as "the Samaritan religious community", a group believing in YHWH, holding Mount Gerizim as the chosen place, sacrificing to YHWH in the temple there. R. J. Coggins works with the traditional questions raised by a model working from the idea of conflict-and-schism, and ends his discussion with the assertion that "Samaritanism was essentially one variant within Judaism." His approach is careful and attentive in dealing with the passages about the Samaritans. Coggins reads them in the light of the Tendenz of Josephus: to provide a positive image of the Jews and to portray the Persians positively. Josephus provides three stories on the origin of the Samaritans: they were brought in from the east; they were expelled from Jerusalem; and they were Sidonians. Josephus follows a practice that can be found in a series of renderings of Genesis 34 from the second century B.C.E.

Keywords: Genesis 34; Josephus' rendering; Mount Gerizim; Samaritans; Sidonians



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