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6. Samaritan Inscriptions And Related Texts

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Chapter Summary

Two inscriptions from the island of Delos in the Aegean Sea were found in 1979, and 395 Hebrew, Aramaic, and Samaritan inscriptions have come to light during the excavations on Mount Gerizim. In light of this new material, two texts known for some time have to be reconsidered, the so-called Pseudo-Eupolemus and Masada fragment. This chapter provides a brief review of archaeological excavations that serve as an introduction to the material. For the origin of the Samaritans, the 395 Hebrew, Aramaic, and Samaritan inscriptions incised on stone that have been brought to light during this excavation are of significance. From these excavations, 395 inscriptions have been published, and they constitute interesting evidence for the population living there. The languages of the inscriptions are Hebrew and Aramaic, and the scripts are Aramaic, Palaeo-Hebrew, and Samaritan.

Keywords: Hebrew; Masada fragment; Mount Gerizim; Pseudo-Eupolemus; Samaritan inscriptions



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