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Daknyi And Anyi

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Chapter Summary

The constructions described in this chapter are all based on some form of the lexical verbs dakpe 'to say', or ale 'to do'. These two verbs occur in various inflections and varying degrees of grammaticalisation in a wide variety of constructions, with a dramatic functional prominence in Tshangla discourse. The constructions built on each verb will be described in turn. The chapter shows that these constructions are grammaticalised derivatives of a non-final concatenating construction. The lexical verb ale 'to do', exhibits a functional overlap with dakpe. Like dakpe, ale may be used as a quotative marker. The chapter focuses on several unique constructions involving the nonfinal form of the verbs ale 'to do', and dakpe 'to say'. The grammaticalised verb, daknyi or anyi, shows bleaching and generalisation of semantic content vis-à-vis the original meaning of the lexical verb.

Keywords: anyi; daknyi; lexical verbs



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