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Lexicon And Word Classes

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Chapter Summary

Tshangla morphemes can be usefully categorised as either lexical or grammatical. This chapter describes the lexical classes. Grammatical morpheme are discussed together with the particular grammatical construction in which they have a part. Tshangla nouns are those lexical items which, occurring alone and uninflected may make reference to an entity or participant in discourse, and occur as a syntactic argument of a verb. In Tshangla, every finite clause must have a predicate, which must contain a verb or a copula. Adjectives are non-head constituents of a noun phrase which modify its nominal head. Tshangla adverbs are a small closed class of uninflectable lexical items which are distinct in syntactic and semantic function from the other word classes. The postpositional phrase occupies syntactic role of an oblique. The personal pronouns are shown in the chapter. Tshangla has a simple honorific system, involving only lexical choice and no grammatical morphemes or constructions.

Keywords: adjectives; honorific lexemes; lexical classes; personal pronouns; postpositional phrase; Tshangla adverbs; Tshangla nouns; Tshangla verbs



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