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The Clause, Syntactic Roles And Transitivity

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Chapter Summary

This chapter describes Tshangla basic clauses, along with their argument structure, syntactic roles, and transitivity. The chapter focuses on argument suppression vs. zero anaphora, syntactic roles, and transitivity. Tshangla belongs to a class of languages sometimes known as 'pro-drop' languages, also referred to by means of zero anaphora, or 'zero pronouns'. We might say that there are two senses to the Tshangla verb, one for transitive usages, the other for intransitive. Tshangla verbs may be defined as intransitive if they only allow for a single core argument. Transitive verbs, by contrast, may be defined as verbs which may take two core arguments. A verb which may occur either with one or two core arguments will by this definition be a transitive verb. Transitive cause/ verbs are those which allow their agent argument to take the subject position, while intransitives are those for which the cause/agent argument must remain an oblique.

Keywords: syntactic roles; transitive verb; transitivity; Tshangla basic clauses; zero anaphora



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