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Sentence, Clause And Predicate

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses clause types, predicate types, copular predicate with ca or la, copular predicate with gila, verbal predicates, and predicate types in non-final clauses. The term 'clause' is used to signify a single verbal predicate plus nominal arguments. The chapter presents an overview of Tshangla clauses types. Tshangla clauses may be initially divided into two types: finite and non-finite. Finite clauses are either specified for tense, aspect and mirativity, or for one of the non-declarative sentence moods. There is another distinction independent from clause types and cross-coding with them-'predicate types'. Copular predicates with ca may express a variety of functional domains, including description, possession, location and existence. The mirative equivalent of the copula ca is la. The equative copula gila is used to encode equative relationships, such as identity between subject and predicate, or set membership.

Keywords: clause types; copular predicates; mirativity; predicate types; sentence; Tshangla clauses; verbal predicates



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