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Relative Clauses

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Chapter Summary

Tshangla relative clauses are externally headed, meaning that the head noun, or so-called pivot, occurs outside of the relative clause. Relative clauses are encoded by means of a relativising suffix affixed to the verb of the relative clause. There are four relativising suffixes, or relativisers, each of which are discussed and illustrated in this chapter. For each of these four types of relative clauses, the different syntactic positions which may be relativised are also illustrated. The most frequently occurring relativiser is the suffix -khan. A second way of forming relative clauses in Tshangla is by means of the locative relativiser suffix -sa. Relative clauses may also be formed with the nominalising participial suffix -wa. Relative clauses in -le are similar to those formed with -wa. One particular verb that is examined in the chapter because of its distinct function when relativised is dakpe 'to say'.

Keywords: dakpe 'to say'; suffix -khan; suffix -le; suffix -sa; suffix -wa; Tshangla relative clauses



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