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Concatenation: The Non-Final Construction

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Chapter Summary

Two types of non-finite clauses have been described, the non-final and the participial. This chapter discusses some differences between these two clause types. The first type, the non-final clause, is a clause marked with one of the adverbial subordinators -than, -deke, -kapnyi, -nyila, -nyibu, -nyisho, -nyi, and -n ~ . The second type of non-finite clause involves a dependent clause marked with the participial suffix, either the infinitive -le or the nominaliser -wa. For each of these two types of non-finite subordinate clause, a general statement can be made about the multi-clausal constructions which contain them. The chapter claims that the marker -nyi, does more than mark adverbial clauses. It addresses the question of whether or not a unified analysis of three multi-clause constructions is possible. The chapter describes each of the three constructions, first clause chains, second serial predicates, and finally serial verbs.

Keywords: -nyi; clause chain; multi-clause constructions; non-final clause; participial suffix; serial predicates; serial verbs



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