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Scandinavian Folk Churches, Chauvinism And Xenophobia

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Chapter Summary

The majority churches of Scandinavian countries are oft en considered important integrating national symbols. This chapter analyses the link between people's relations to the majority church, on the one hand, and their views on the nation and on immigrants, on the other. The research question is whether a close relationship with the church and certain attitudes towards the church model make people more inclined to have negative views concerning immigrants. The chapter examines the religious factor as a possible predictor of attitudes towards immigrants. In the analyses it uses both church attendance and views on the church-state system as independent variables, together with a set of ordinary sociological variables. The chapter argues that these variables are relevant in explaining variations in chauvinistic and xenophobic attitudes. Chauvinism appears to be at the highest level in Denmark and the lowest in Sweden. Xenophobia, on the other hand, is most widespread in Norway.

Keywords: Chauvinism; church-state system; Denmark; Norway; Scandinavian; Xenophobia



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