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Consequences Of Professionalism, Immediate And Institutional

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses the place and purpose of professions in civil society and the state where one can identify the consequences or externalities professionalism introduces structurally into the larger social order. Anglo-American revisionists initiated the disparaging reading of professionalism and its consequences during the late 1970s in direct reaction to Parsons' expansive characterizations of professionalism's cultural and social-psychological consequences. The general alternative to revisionism is to reconsider in an entirely new light the more ambitious project of Parsons and other functionalists, namely the effort to identify the connection between professionalism and social order. First, the chapter brings to this project the structural and institutional approach to professions, jettisoning entirely Parsons' cultural and social-psychological approach. Second, it replaces any and all general references to "social order" with a typology of institutional designs.

Keywords: Anglo-American revisionists; Parsons; professionalism; social-psychological consequences



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