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Linkages Of The Policy To Other World Bank Policies

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses and examines the linkages between the Bank policy for projects on international waterways and those two policies, namely, projects in disputed areas, and environmental impact assessment. Projects in areas claimed by two or more states pose similar challenges to the Bank by virtue of the conflicting claims on sovereignty over such areas. The Bank recognized those challenges as early as 1983 when it issued its first directive addressing this matter, OMS 2.35, "Projects in Disputed Areas." The first Bank policy on the environment, OMS 2.36, "Environmental Aspects of Bank Work" was issued in 1984, almost 30 years after the first Bank policy for projects on international waterways was adopted. OP 4.01 states that the Bank requires preparation of an environmental assessment (EA) of projects proposed for Bank financing to help ensure that they are environmentally sound and sustainable, and to address any potential adverse impacts.

Keywords: bank policies; disputed areas; environmental assessment (EA); international waterways; policy linkages



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