Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Preliminary Issues

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this chapter

+ Tax (if applicable)

Chapter Summary

This chapter outlines the state of research on what is (a) t/Targum, why did it come into being, and how was it used? The 'targum' is used for words or passages in the Bible that are originally in Aramaic. It becomes then synonymous with 'Aramaic' and has nothing to do with translation. In rabbinic literature, however, the words are used almost exclusively for the translation of the Bible, and even more specifically, for the translation of the Bible into Aramaic. Targum served a purpose in private devotional study and in the school system. For this purpose written copies were in circulation. Targums can be classified into literal word-by-word translation, extended translation with detachable glosses, interpretative word-by-word translation and extended interpretative translation. The chapter provides an overview of the state of the art on the questions of the raison d’être and function of the targums.

Keywords: Aramaic; bible; rabbinic literature; raison d’être; targum



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Alternative Targum Traditions — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation