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The History Of UN Reform Efforts, 1950 To 2006

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Chapter Summary

Decolonization created rapid growth in United Nation (UN) membership, and by 1965 it stood at 118, twice as many as at the Organization's founding. With states from Africa and Asia joining the UN, development issues became increasingly important, resulting in the expansion of the technical co-operation programmes. Towards the mid-1970s, the UN increasingly became the forum for global negotiations on issues involving development. Whereas technical co-operation remained of highest importance for developing countries, development was to be achieved by addressing new issues such as trade, energy, a common fund for raw materials, industrialization, the transfer of technology, a code of conduct for transnational corporations, the Law of the Sea Convention and the establishment of a New International Economic Order.

Keywords: Decolonization; Law of the Sea Convention; New International Economic Order; United Nation (UN)

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