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War-Stopping And Peacemaking In Mozambique

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Chapter Summary

This chapter provides a background history of the conflict, from the Portuguese arrival in Mozambique to independence. It discusses the factors, both internal and external, that fueled the war. The chapter also discusses the changes that enabled the parties to consider negotiations and the peace process. It examines the factors that allowed the peace to last. The chapter addresses the ten rounds of talks that took place between July 1990 and October 1992 in Rome. It evaluates the biggest challenges and reasons for the ultimate success of the talks, in order to enable a discussion of lessons learned that might be applicable to future war-stopping efforts. Security Council Resolution 797 established the UN Operation in Mozambique (ONUMOZ). The operation would remain in Mozambique for two years, committing 6,200 peacekeeping troops and several hundreds of millions of dollars.

Keywords: Mozambique; ONUMOZ; peace process; Rome; war-stopping efforts



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