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L'Amnistie entre l'exigence de justice et l'indispensable réconciliation: Lorsque les armes se taisent, que faire des crimes qui ont étécommis à l'occasion d'un conflit armé?

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Chapter Summary

This chapter describes amnesty between the need for justice and reconciliation needed. It identifies the way in which international humanitarian law ensures the coexistence of the two apparently contradictory requirements. Given the specificity of the legal regimes applicable to international armed conflicts, on the one hand, to non-international armed conflicts, on the other, it is necessary to analyze these two situations separately, while keeping in mind that any civil war causes inevitably international implications, and that all international armed conflict is likely to cause a division of populations within the same party in struggle and therefore an internal conflict that is in part or an extension of an international conflict. The distinction, which is perfectly clear analytically, is often obscured in practice by the infinite complexity of the factual situations which may develop on the occasion of an armed conflict. The original text of the chapter is in French.

Keywords: international armed conflicts; internal conflict; international humanitarian law; Justice; non-international armed conflicts; reconciliation



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