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Translating The Greek Perfective, Imperfective, And Stative Aspects In The Indicative Mood Into Mandarin

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Chapter Summary

Grammatical references of New Testament Greek first became available in Mandarin in 1917. This chapter provides a system of consistent rendering of Greek tense-forms in the indicative mood with Mandarin aspect morphemes. The Mandarin perfective aspect is realized by four morphologically expressed (single) morphemes and one morphologically unmarked form. The Mandarin aspect system offers the locutionary agent five different (single) morphemes to express the perfective aspect, whereas the Greek aspect system has only the aorist tense-form. The chapter provides Greek imperfective and stative aspects with their tense-forms and morphemes. The pluperfect is the least frequently used tense-form in the New Testament. Many traditional grammarians interpret its origin as being along the lines of "a perfect provided with an augment, the preterite or a verb of state"..

Keywords: Greek tense forms; indicative mood; Mandarin; morphemes; New Testament; pluperfect tense form

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