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Merenptah's Confrontations In The Western Desert And The Delta

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Chapter Summary

This chapter addresses certain inconsistencies in Merenptah's texts on which the above conclusions are based. Specifically, it argues that the texts refer to major military operations with the Libyans in the Western Desert, and perhaps minor skirmishes with the Sea Peoples in the Delta, and further, that the evidence for an alliance between these two enemies is open to question. Instead, the Sea Peoples most likely came to Egypt as a result of repeated skirmishes and counter-attacks with the Egyptians dating back to the time of Rameses II, after which they took up residence in some parts of the Delta. In order to convey the impression of a larger battle with a multitude of enemies, the texts conflated the Libyan battle with the separate confrontations with the Sea Peoples.

Keywords: delta; Egypt; Merenptah; Rameses II; Sea Peoples; western desert



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