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On Medical Technology In Ancient Mesopotamia

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Chapter Summary

Like the majority of ancient Mesopotamian literature, medical texts were standardized and compiled into handbooks with a title and an established sequence of chapters. As far as the handbook of prescriptions is concerned, the copy from of the handbook is seen in Ashurbanipal's palace library at Nineveh. An overview has been provided by Goltz who briefly discussed forms of medication as well as some of the diseases treated. The author examines and re-evaluates two forms of medication, namely the administration of enemas and the preparation of suppositories. He gives preference to the form of medication, thus giving first examples for mono-phase treatments recommending exclusively the application of an enema, then multiphase cures which prescribe in addition potions, suppositories, fumigations, etc.

Keywords: ancient Mesopotamian literature; enema; medication; mono-phase treatments; prescriptions



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