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The Debate Over The Nature Of Motion: John Buridan, Nicole Oresme And Albert Of Saxony. With An Edition Of John Buridan’s Quaestiones Super Libros Physicorum, Secundum Ultimam Lecturam, Book III, Q. 7

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Chapter Summary

This chapter compares the three sets of Questions on the Physics, and presents a critical edition of John Buridan's "ultima lectura". It gives some more substance to the idea that John Buridan, Nicole Oresme, and Albert of Saxony constituted an intellectual community or network, rather than a school. One of the topics that attracted the attention of this community was the nature of motion. Interestingly, Albert divides his discussion over two questions, one dealing with the views of Aristotle and Averroes, the other dealing with the view according to faith and the truth. Being in motion was described as aliter et aliter se habere quam prius, and as fluxus. The crucial issue in the debate came to be whether the local motion of the universe is comparable to other types of change, such as alteration.

Keywords: Albert of Saxony; intellectual community; John Buridan; Nicole Oresme; Questions on the Physics



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