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John Buridan And Critical Realism

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Chapter Summary

John Buridan and Albert of Saxony were fourteenth century authors influential in Cracow in the fifteenth century, whose conception of science may be characterized as "critical realism&t;. This chapter describes the distinguishing characteristics of the image of subalternate mathematical sciences as found in the Questions on the Two Books of Aristotle's Posterior Analytics of John Buridan, and to a lesser extent in the Very Subtle Questions on the Books of the Posterior [Analytics] of Albert of Saxony. One knows that astronomers not only reasoned mathematically about moving spheres or circles, but that they also took evidence from experience. Buridan knew that astronomers in antiquity had held theories different from those of modern astronomers. In Buridan's view it was licit for them to do so without going against their science or the truth that they intended.

Keywords: Albert of Saxony; critical realism; John Buridan



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