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The Heir Of Righteousness And The King Of Righteousness: The Priestly Noachic Polemics In 2 Enoch And The Epistle To The Hebrews

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Chapter Summary

This chapter argues that along with explicit polemics against Mosaic sacrificial precepts and practices, the Epistle to the Hebrews ventures into more subtle debates with the priestly Noachic tradition, which in the late Second Temple period often posited as an ideological counterpart to the official priestly office associated with the Jerusalem Temple. It suggests that the figure of Melchisedek - which, by the first century CE was already adopted in the theological framework of the priestly Noachic tradition - is posited in the Epistle to the Hebrews, as in some Second Temple Jewish texts, as a polemical counterpart to Noah. In 2 Enoch, the prominent part of Noah's biography finds a new niche where the peculiar details of Noah's story are transferred to another character, Melchisedek.

Keywords: 2 Enoch; Hebrews; Melchisedek; priestly Noachic polemics



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