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The Watchers Of Satanail: The Fallen Angels Traditions In 2 (Slavonic) Enoch

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Chapter Summary

The early Enochic booklet unveils the misdeeds of the two hundred Watchers led by their leaders Shemihazah and Asael. What is striking, however, in the description given in the Slavonic apocalypse, is that in contrast to the classic Enochic account, the leadership over the fallen Watchers is ascribed not to Shemihazah or Asael, but instead to Satanail. Adam's story occupies a strikingly prominent place in 2 Enoch. There are two textual units pertaining to the Watchers traditions in 2 Enoch. This chapter discusses the second textual unit dealing with the Watchers traditions situated in chapter 18 of the Slavonic apocalypse. The paradigm shift from the Jewish apocalypticism to early Jewish mysticism, thus in many ways anticipating future developments inside the Enochic lore and serving as a blueprint for the later Watchers traditions reflected in the Shiʿur Qomah and Hekhalot lore.

Keywords: 2 Enoch; Adam's story; Hekhalot lore; Shiʿur Qomah; Slavonic apocalypse; Watchers of Satanail



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