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The South Caucasus As Part Of The Soviet Union: The Period 1921–1936

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Chapter Summary

Elections in the three Transcaucasian Republics were held at the end of January 1922. Lenin issued a "Project on the Formation of a Transcaucasian Federative Republic" in which he recognized this Republic (Article 1), and instituted a Committee for Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan, the Kavbiuro (Article 2). This Kavbiuro on 7 November 1921 "declared the necessity for the organization of a federative union of the republics of the Transcaucasus". Between the Georgian parliament and the Soviet government a conflict broke out over the question of what the power of the Kavbiuro was over the Central Committees of the Republican Communist parties. In November 1921 the Kavbiuro passed resolutions on the formation of a Federation without consulting the republican Central Committees, denying the republics the factual exercise of their sovereignty.

Keywords: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Kavbiuro; sovereignty; Transcaucasus

10.1163/ej.9789004179011.i-350.111
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