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Perestroika And Glasnost

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Chapter Summary

Between the adoption of the 1936 Soviet Constitution and 1985, with the coming to power of Mikhail Gorbachev, relatively little happened in terms of state building and conflict resolution in the USSR. The Soviet Union was firmly established. The period between 1985 and 1991, when Mikhail Gorbachev was First Secretary of the Soviet Union, is a period of transition towards more openness. There was a call for more internal self-determination in Abkhazia and Nagorno-Karabakh, and this period eventually ended with the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Gorbachev called his policy instruments perestroika (reconstruction) and glasnost (publicity). While in several areas of politics, internal as well as external, policy changed, this also had an impact on the different laws which held the USSR together.

Keywords: Abkhazia; glasnost; Mikhail Gorbachev; Nagorno-Karabakh; perestroika; Soviet Union



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