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Armenia Between 1918 And 1921

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Chapter Summary

This chapter provides an overview of the changing boundaries of Armenia from the time of the Russian Revolution until the promulgation of Stalin's Constitution in 1936. In the Russian Empire, Armenians were distributed over the provinces as Tiflis, Baku, Elisavetpol, Yerevan and Kars. Around 1918 Armenia formed several political parties, some originating in Turkish Armenia, some in Russian Armenia. The oldest party was the Hunchak party. This Social Democratic Party was founded in Geneva in 1887. The second oldest political party in Armenia is the Armenian Revolutionary Federation (ARF), also known as the Dashnaktsutiun (also called Dashnaks). This political party was created in Tbilisi in 1890. After the declaration of independence, the Armenian government started to sign arbitration and trade treaties with its Transcaucasian neighbors Georgia and Azerbaijan in order to secure its position in the region.

Keywords: Armenia; Armenian Revolutionary Federation (ARF); Azerbaijan; Geneva; Georgia; Hunchak party; Tbilisi



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