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The Art of Polemics: Tawfīq Ṣ̣idqī's Contributions to al-Manār and Riḍ̣ā's Use Of Them

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses the contributions of the Egyptian physician Muḥammad Tawfīq Ṣidqī who is considered to be the most prolific polemicist in al-Manār. In a general sense, the thrust of the approach of Ṣidqī in his polemics was not innovative in the subjects he dealt with. He selected Biblical passages extensively, which he depicted as inappropriate, and raised many questions about them. When Ṣidqī started publishing his anti-Christian polemics in al-Manār, an interesting anecdote spread all over the Cairo of 1912. Both Riḍa and Ṣidqī used this anecdote on a regular basis as a point of departure in their writings, and compared it with the story of Crucifixion. Ṣidqī mentioned his main arguments about the Crucifixion and salvation in Christianity in the book of ʿAqīdat al-alb wā al-Fidāʾ, which he co-published with Riḍa. .

Keywords: ʿAqīdat al-alb wā al-Fidāʾ; al-Manār; anti-Christian polemics; Crucifixion; Muḥammad Tawfīq Ṣidqī; Riḍa



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