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Complementary Identities: Sephardim, Zionists, And Argentines In The Interwar Period

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Chapter Summary

Jews had made Argentina their home, and wanted other Argentines to recognize them as members of the nation. For the editors and contributors to Israel, Zionism was about their lives in Argentina. Between 1917 and the late 1930s, these Jews of diverse backgrounds used Zionism to create a new Jewish identity, based as much on a common mythic past as on the hope of a shared future in Argentina. Through Zionism, the Sephardim and Ashkenazim involved with Israel created a common Jewish past as the basis for an imagined community. The Jews at Israel affirmed their own national past through Zionism, yet the desire for a future Jewish state was less clear before the outbreak of World War II. As Argentines, they were linked to daily life in their own country, not to some vague idea of a possible future Jewish state in the Middle East.

Keywords: Argentines; Ashkenazim; Israel; Jewish state; Sephardim; Zionism



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