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Argentina, World War II, And The Entry Of Nazi War Criminals

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Chapter Summary

This chapter explores the motives and the meaning of Argentine neutrality, as well as the scope and significance of the entry of Third Reich war criminals and collaborators into the country. The chapter is devoted to the kidnapping of the Nazi war criminal, Adolf Eichmann, in Buenos Aires in May 1960 by Mossad agents-a move that precipitated a crisis that nearly severed the diplomatic ties between Argentina and Israel and threatened Argentine Jews' sense of personal security. Any discussion of Argentina's position in World War II should begin with some emphasis on the fact that the Argentine policy of neutrality in the years 1939-1945 was implemented by four different presidents-two civilian and two military-and enjoyed wide public support in Argentina. The pioneer of efforts to locate Adolf Eichmann after the end of World War II was the Nazi hunter Simon Wiesenthal.

Keywords: Adolf Eichmann; Argentina; Buenos Aires; Mossad; Nazi war criminal; World War II



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