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A Pact Of Oblivion: The De-Peronization Of The Jewish Community

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Chapter Summary

This chapter analyzes the role played by the Organización Israelita Argentina (OIA), as well as the conflict between Perón and the Argentine Catholic Church. It examines the systematic effort to 'de-Peronize' the community, and in order to provide a better idea of Jewish-Argentine views on the Liberating Revolution that removed Perón from power in September 1955. Juan Perón's regime made Herculean efforts to enlist the support of the Argentine Jewish community. The Jewish community leaders' caution is understandable in view of the anti-Semitic pamphlets then circulating, which included accusations against the Jews and Freemasons surrounding President Perón who were allegedly responsible for the attempt to separate church and state. The conspicuous presence of Rabbi Amram Blum at Perón's side especially enraged Catholic groups. The new president, General Eduardo Lonardi, was a devout Catholic who had the blessing of the Argentine Church.

Keywords: Amram Blum; anti-Semitism; Argentine Jewish community; Catholic Church; de-Peronize; Juan Perón; Lonardi; Organización Israelita Argentina (OIA)

10.1163/ej.9789004179134.i-286.35
/content/books/10.1163/ej.9789004179134.i-286.35
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