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Chapter Summary

Abraham Ibn Ezra was born in Muslim Spain. By incorporating astrological ideas into his influential biblical exegesis Abraham Ibn Ezra promoted the smooth absorption of astrological content into the hard core of Jewish culture. He created the first comprehensive corpus of Hebrew astrological textbooks that address the main systems of Arabic astrology and provided Hebrew readers with access to astrology. Abraham Ibn Ezra was by no means the first Jew to be concerned with meteorological and historical astrology. This chapter provides a historical sketch of earlier Jewish contributions to meteorological and historical astrology. The content of the two versions of Sefer ha-#Olam, like that of all medieval treatises on world astrology, is an accumulation of sources and doctrines that go back to the very beginnings of the astrological literature. Manuscripts for the critical edition of #Olam I and II are presented here.

Keywords: Abraham Ibn Ezra; Arabic astrology; historical astrology; Jewish history; Muslim; Sefer ha-#Olam



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