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Kaffa. The Genoese Colony In The Crimea And The Eastern Question (1453–1475)

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Chapter Summary

The problem of the Genoese colonies has not received sufficient attention from historians, notwithstanding the important role that these colonies played in the economic life, not only of Genoa itself, but also of the countries of Eastern Europe. The first reliable references to Kaffa date from 1289 and 1290. By this time the Genoese colony was already in existence, on the site of the former Theodosia of the Milesians. During the second half of the 13th century, Kaffa enjoyed a brilliant wave of expansion and new Genoese colonies appeared along the southern shores of the Crimean peninsula. From 1449 onwards, Kaffa is clearly recognized as the capital of all the Genoese colonies in the Crimea, and the power of its consuls is extended to all the possessions of the Republic in this region.

Keywords: Crimean colonies; eastern Europe; Genoese colonies; Kaffa merchants



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