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East And West Europe In The 13th–16th Centuries. Confrontation Of Social And Economic Structures

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Chapter Summary

This chapter reconstructs elements of the model of economic relations between the two great European regions. Despite many differences and even considerable asynchronism in their histories, the countries of eastern and east-central Europe showed many similarities with the West as regards economy and social organization. The first problem author encountered was that of the relative backwardness of those areas in comparison with many western European countries, let alone with Italy, Europe's leader not only in economy but in every other aspect of medieval civilization. The progress in agriculture led to an important rise in population in Western Europe in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries. From the 13th to the end of the 15th century, a certain model of trade relations between European West and East took shape. It involved exchange of handicraft and luxury products for raw materials. In the 16th century, this form of trade became more popular.

Keywords: eastern countries; economy organization; social organization; western European countries



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