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Prayer In Islam

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Chapter Summary

Calling celestial powers for help or glorifying them in grateful devotion is generally human and found, in one form or another, almost anywhere in the world. However, prayer as an institution, consisting of set texts to be recited with precisely fixed movements of the body at prescribed times is something specific. Ṣalāt and its derivatives recur in the Koran about a hundred times. In the Koran, as in the Bible, the most common word for prayer is &t;calling God&t;, while God's &t;answer&t; means favorable acceptance. It stands to reason that because of its extreme shortness the Fātiḥa, which forms the main content of the Islamic congregational prayer, was repeated several times during one service. In other words, from its institution at the beginning of the second Meccan period Islamic prayer bore essentially the same character as we know it today.

Keywords: Islamic prayer; Koran



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