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The Birth-Hour Of Muslim Law

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Chapter Summary

Islamic religion is characterized by the prominence of legal conceptions in its system: The Shari'a, or holy law, is its very essence, and Fiqh, or religious jurisprudence, is its science par excellence. There has been a considerable amount of discussion on the question of the origin and early development of Muslim law. This chapter discusses Muslim law itself, that is the legal parts of the Shari'a. As is well known, the Shari'a does not differentiate between purely legal matters, such as contracts or the laws of inheritance, and religious duties, such as prayers and fasting. Through detailed interpretation of a significant passage in the Koran, the chapter tries to answer the question whether this particular character of the Shari'a goes back to the founder of Islam himself, and if so, at what juncture of his activities did a tendency towards it become evident.

Keywords: Islamic jurisprudence; Koran; Muslim law; Shari'a



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