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A Turning-Point In The History Of The Muslim State

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Chapter Summary

It is generally admitted that the transition of the caliphate from the Umayyads to the Abbasids (750 A.D.), as well as the shifting of its seat from Syria to Iraq, marked a change in the whole structure of the Muslim state: an essentially secular &t;Kingdom&t;, it is believed, was replaced by the &t;Imamat&t;, which emphasized the religious character of the highest office of the state. However, the changes that took place in the inner constitution of the Muslim state at that time were much more complicated than is generally assumed. There are many questions which still await a satisfactory solution. Since the early Abbasid period saw the formation and formulation of Islamic law, a satisfactory answer to the questions may further the understanding of an important phase of Islamic religious and constitutional history.

Keywords: Abbasid caliphate; Islamic law; Muslim state; Umayyads



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