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The Four Faces Of Islam

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Chapter Summary

This chapter addresses the following questions: What is Islam? Is it the Ultimate Revelation &t;confirming&t;, i.e. superseding the two older monotheistic religions and denying the right of any other form of belief except monotheism to exist? Was it merely a Christian heresy or an Arabicized Judaism? Furthermore, it has become customary to use terms such as Islamic art, Islamic science, Islamic philosophy, which indicate that Islam denotes a whole civilization. If so, what is the specific character of this civilization, what are its roots and formative stages, and-is it still alive? The chapter answers these questions under four headings: Islam as the self-realization of the Arab nation; Islam as a great monotheistic religion; Islam as a body politic; and Islam as a civilization. With regard to each of these concepts the chapter finds out how they affect present day life and thought of the peoples concerned.

Keywords: Arab nation; Arabicized Judaism; Christian heresy; Islam; monotheistic religion

10.1163/ej.9789004179318.i-394.8
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