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Rabbinic Texts In The Exegesis Of The New Testament

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Chapter Summary

The vision of the Judaism in which Jesus lived has changed in recent years. In the framework of the congeniality among Jewish and Christian researchers, the use of Rabbinic texts is questioned in the exegesis of the New Testament. Two aspects are to be considered: whether these texts may be used at all and, if so, which methodology should be applied. The first issue is that of historical and methodological legitimacy: the earliest redaction of Tannaitic texts is not prior to the third century C.E. Second, both Rabbinic literature and the New Testament have a common reference in Scripture. Third, targums provide a reference in the consideration of Jesus' use of the Scripture, which some have found enlightening. The diversity of opinions regarding the halakhah of the Sabbath is notorious, and it brings forward a scope of interpretations ranging from rigorous to lax.

Keywords: halakhah; Jews; Judaism; New Testament; Rabbinic texts



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