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Anti-Liberal Liberals—I (Moeller Van Den Bruck, Proudhon, Carlyle)

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Chapter Summary

The main argument advanced by Stern in his analysis of "the Germanic ideology" was that it consisted of a sustained cultural attack on liberalism and capitalism. The 19th century figures of Paul de Lagarde and Julius Langbehn, and the 20th century one of Arthur Moeller van den Bruck, taken to be the paradigmatic representatives and initiators of said ideology, were repeatedly held to have chastised liberalism. Hayek was unduly harsh with Moeller, curtly relegating him to the badlands of anti-liberalism. Those post-Second-World-War historians attempting to delineate a genealogy of fascism as distinct from that of capitalism and liberalism, in fact standing in stark opposition to both, were often drawn to two 19th century intellectual figures: Thomas Carlyle, the passionate Victorian prophet lampooning laissez faire, the "cash nexus" and the "dismal science" of classical economy, and P. J. Proudhon, who famously and tersely equated la propriété with le vol.

Keywords: anti-liberalism; Arthur Moeller van den Bruck; capitalism; fascism; Germanic ideology; Hayek; laissez faire; P . J. Proudhon; Stern; Thomas Carlyle



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