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Epilogue Sub-Man, Underman, Untermensch: Fascism As An International Co-Production

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Chapter Summary

This chapter takes Michael Mann's book on fascism as an example, whose theoretical framework processes and incorporates the contributions of Sternhell, Griffin and the later work of Mosse. Mann draws a geo-political demarcation line between the northwest of Europe, at the heart of which is, unsurprisingly, England, which had remained immune to fascism, and the center and southeast, at the heart of which are Germany and Italy, which had embraced it. Commonly, the abortive experience of Oswald Mosley's British Union of Fascists (BUF) provides historians with seemingly hard evidence that fascism was, in Britain, a foreign political breed, bound to come to nothing. In Salvemini's view, the British elite was vigorously practising a brand of "crypto-fascism," taking possession of "the most delicate organs of democratic institutions in order to pervert them". To Stoddard, the Nazis owed the coining of the term under-man, which was Germanized into the Untermensch.

Keywords: British Union of Fascists (BUF); crypto-fascism; fascism; Gaetano Salvemini; international co-production; liberal Northwest Europe; Michael Mann; Nazi Germany; Oswald Mosley; Untermensch



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