Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

The Liberal Split: Divorcing The Economic From The Political

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this chapter

+ Tax (if applicable)

Chapter Summary

An indispensable historical precondition for fascism was the inherent tension between the political dimension of the liberal order and its economic one. Liberalism was the socioeconomic doctrine with which the ascending European bourgeoisie of the late 18th and early 19th century challenged the nobility. Capitalism, fundamentally, was seen to be at odds with democracy; the economic liberal sphere was seen to be at variance with the expansionary dynamics of political liberalism. The whole purpose of the liberal civil society from a Lockean point of view was to shore up nascent capitalist property and production. The crucial fault of liberalism, according to Donoso, was that it inevitably heralds social revolution, which, once unleashed, it is completely incapable of thwarting. Like Constant during his sanguine moments, Pareto could envision a parliamentary system reasonable enough to acknowledge the iron laws of the economy, and hence adhere to free competition.

Keywords: Benjamin Constant; capitalism; Donoso Cortés; economic liberal sphere; European bourgeoisie; fascism; John Locke; political liberalism; Vilfredo Pareto

10.1163/ej.9789004179516.i-372.6
/content/books/10.1163/ej.9789004179516.i-372.6
dcterms_subject,pub_keyword
6
3
Loading

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    The Apprentice’s Sorcerer — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation