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Development Of International Extradition In The United States

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Chapter Summary

In 1795, the United States and Great Britain entered into a Treaty of Amity, Commerce, and Navigation (the Jay Treaty). While the federal government permitted the extradition provision of the Jay Treaty to expire, no federal official had "the power to arrest and deliver up fugitive criminals from abroad". In 1842, the United States and Great Britain entered into a treaty known as the Webster-Ashburton Treaty. The Internet, modern telecommunication, and data processing systems facilitate the commission of transnational crimes. In 1979, the Department of Justice established the Office of International Affairs (OIA) in the Department's Criminal Division for the purpose of centralizing and giving greater emphasis and visibility to its prosecutorial service functions in the international area. Eliminating the substantial expense in obtaining competent legal representation in extradition cases has removed a deterrent to seeking extradition and has encouraged and facilitated an increased volume of United States extradition activity.

Keywords: Great Britain; Jay Treaty; Office of International Affairs (OIA); United States international extradition activity; Webster-Ashburton Treaty



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