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Jewish Traditions In Jerome's Commentary On Jeremiah And The Targum Of Jeremiah

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Chapter Summary

St. Jerome is renowned, not only for his translation of the Bible but also for his commentaries on the Biblical books. In particular, this chapter shows that, it is highly probable that he was conversant with traditions now preserved in the Targum, that ancient translation cum- interpretation of the Hebrew Bible which was transmitted in Aramaic. The chapter examines four particular aspects of St. Jerome's commentary on Jeremiah: some explanations of geographical terms; two major theological problems; some explanations of Hebrew words; and the exegesis of particular verses and words. Again and again it shows how his interpretations coincide with those of the Aramaic Targum, and how unlikely it is that he derives these from Origen. The Targum of the Prophets known as Targum Jonathan was well on its way to becoming the official Aramaic interpretation of the text when Jerome composed his commentary on Jeremiah.

Keywords: Aramaic Targum; Hebrew Bible; Jerome's commentary; Jewish tradition; Origen; Targum Jonathan; Targum Of Jeremiah

10.1163/ej.9789004179561.i-432.75
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