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Saint Jerome And The Aramaic Targumim

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Chapter Summary

This chapter explores some examples of saint Jerome's use of Jewish tradition now extant in the Targum of the Minor Prophets. In particular, it looks at his commentaries on Zechariah and Malachi, published around 406, and that on Nahum, published around 391/2. The chapter explains whether, during the twenty-nine years or so which separate the Nahum commentary from that on Jeremiah, there is any significant development in Jerome's use of material which may derive from Targumic sources. A good example is provided by Targum Jeremiah 31:35-6; 33:25, which asserts that Israel is no more likely to cease being God's people than that the earth and creation should pass away, or that God's ordinances with the heavenly luminaries should come to an end. Jerome directly counters such teaching in his commentary, and disproves it to his own satisfaction.

Keywords: Aramaic Targumim; Israel; Jeremiah; Jewish tradition; Malachi; Nahum; Saint Jerome; Zechariah



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