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Hannah's Psalm in 4QSama

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Chapter Summary

Hannah's Psalm is represented in four fragments of 4QSama, which all belong to one column, obviously the 2nd column of the manuscript. This chapter focuses on the character of 4QSama as a textual witness. It compares the text with the MT as well as with the Septuagint. The chapter starts with a few details in which 4QSama shows agreement with the Septuagint against the MT. The reading of the MT is an old crux that has been explained by Gesenius in his Hebrew Grammar as a legitimate syntactical figure, a kind of attraction. The form in 4QSama thereagainst solves the incongruence within the verse as well as the discrepancy with the context in a very natural way. 4QSama combines both texts: first the two couplets of the MT and then the couplet found in the Septuagint.

Keywords: 4QSama; Hannah's Psalm; Hebrew; masoretic text (MT); Septuagint



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