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4QSama (2 Sam 24:16–22). Its Reading, Where It Stands in the History of the Text and its Use in Bible Translations

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Chapter Summary

2 Sam 24:16-22 in 4QSama (4Q51) is reconstructed at least in six different ways. 4QSama is the only witness to 2 Sam 24 found at Qumran. Before the publication of DJD 17, its reconstructions were limited to 2 Sam 24:16-20. Publications of 4QSama contains divergences in their reading of Frg 164, especially in lines 1, 2 and 5. The tiny fragment 165 is known as part of 2 Sam 24 from DJD XVII. As far as biblical texts are concerned in DJD series, reconstructions of lacunae are often in agreement with masoretic text (MT). This is true not only for Hebrew manuscripts, but also for Greek manuscripts. Briefly, 4QSama is characterized in three different ways by scholars. It is noteworthy that among recent English, French or German Bibles, only translations in English included variant readings of 4QSama.

Keywords: 4QSama (4Q51); Bible translations; masoretic text (MT)



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